Geographical & Physical Features

The Aravalli Range forms the eastern boundary of the district and towards southern boundary it ends at Bamnera village in Sumerpur Tehsil. A zone of foothills lays to the west, through which run the many tributaries of the Luni River. The western portion of the district includes the alluvial plain of the Luni. It is bounded by eight districts, Nagaur District to the north, Ajmer District to the northeast, Rajsamand District to the east, Udaipur District to the southeast, Sirohi District to the southwest, Jalore District and Barmer District to the west, and Jodhpur District to the northwest. The major part of the district has elevations ranging from 200 to 300 m above MSL, but in the east toward the Aravalli Range the elevation increases and the average is nearer 600 m and at some places the elevations exceed 1000 m.



The area of the district may be called sub-mountainous and has undulated plains with scattered hills here and there. The southeast of the district is traversed by the Aravalli range. The highest peak of these hills is about 1,099 metres. The general elevation in the plain varies from 180 meters to 500 metres and the slope is from east to westerly direction. Pali town is located about 212 meters high above the sea level. The soil of the district is mostly sandy loam and the water table, in general, is within 15 metres from the ground level.

There is no perennial river in the district. Four tributaries of River Luni viz; Sukri, Lilri, Bandi and Jawai flow in the district. Besides, there are a number of other seasonal rivulets and streams which traverse through the district. There is no lake or natural spring in the district. There are a number of big and small tanks constructed for irrigation purposes. Of these, the Jawai dam in Bali tehsil has the largest capacity while the smallest tank is Walar. Besides these tanks, there are five dams also in the district. They are Jawai Raipur Luni, Hemawas, Kharda and Biratiya Khurd dams which are used basically for irrigational purposes.




The climate of the district is on the whole dry and is very hot in summer and cold in winter. January is the coldest month while May to early June is the hottest period of the year. Normal annual rainfall in the district is 50 to 60 cms. During the south-west monsoon period, humidity, in general, is high. In the rest of the year, the air is dry. The average humidity percentage for the district is nearly 60 to 70. 



Geology and Minerals


The geological formation of the district is represented by different igneous, sedimentary and met sediment rocks. The Delhi Super Group rocks represented by the Ajabgarh Group occur near the eastern border of the district and consists of schists, phyllite, marble and basic volcanic. They are intruded by granites and rhyolites. The predominant of which is the Erinpura Granite which cover the south and south-eastern parts of the district. The Jalore type of granites is exposed south of Pali town and is generally pink in colour. The Marwar Super Group occurs in the northern part of the district and is represented by limestone, dolomite, sandstone and shale.